My grandmother died over 20 years ago so of course she never heard the word "internet". But she did draw a family tree showing that 5 of her relatives had been killed in action in the First World War and that her Aunt Annie and husband Percy Appleby had: "one son, died of war wounds, 1919". This always struck me as especially sad. He must have suffered and his parents must have had to watch their only child die. Now that so much information is available on the internet, I decided to try and find out his story.
I began with the 1901 Census of England and Wales: www.census.pro.gov.uk and found Annie and Percy Appleby, shipper's clerk, living in Lambeth, South London with their son, Percy N. Appleby (age 5). Now I had his name and approximate date of birth (1895-6).
Some men who died after the war have war graves, but I didn't really expect to find Percy on the Commonwealth War Graves Commission digital roll of honour: www.cwgc.org. Sure enough, three P. Applebys were killed in the First World War, but in each case either the next of kin details or the age didn't match.
For now I was stuck. Then in January 2004 the UK National Archives started to put all the World War 1 Medal Index Cards on-line at www.documentsonline.pro.gov.uk. Luckily for me they started with A-B. Almost every service-man and woman (alive or dead) was entitled to medals at the end of the war so these cards are the most complete list of all who served. There are cards for 13 Percy Applebys but only one Percy N.
He was Private 9150, the Manchester Regiment and he went to France on 8 November 1915. This date and low service number mean he was one of the "Manchester Pals" who enlisted in response to Lord Kitchener's famous appeal at the outbreak of the war. Later in the war he became Pte. 41412 in the Labour Corps. (The usual reason for transfers to the Labour Corps was that a man was no longer A1 fighting fit for front line service.) He was discharged on 19/2/19. If this was "my" Percy from South London, why was he in the Manchesters? I trawled through the other 12 Medal Index cards, but none seemed any more likely. Then I noticed from the 1901 census return that Percy Appleby senior (father) was born in Manchester. That seemed to clinch it.
I posted what I had learned on the Great War Forum www.1914-1918.org/forum and very quickly received replies. One member told me that Percy was in Platoon II, A Company, 17th (Service) Battalion, Manchester Regiment, and posted a photo of his platoon. Another could tell from the Labour Corps number that he was one of the original members of the Labour Corps which formed on 25 February 1917, and a member of 70 Coy. This unit served building and maintaining roads for military use in France 1917-18.
The final step was to see if I could prove that he died of wounds after the war. On www.1837online.com you can check the indexes to the official registers of Births Marriages and Deaths from 1837. Sure enough, a Percy N. Appleby (24) died in the quarter July-Sept 1919 in Chorlton, near Manchester. Armed with the reference, I sent off for an official copy of his death certificate from www.statistics.gov.uk.
The death certificate confirms that Percy Norman Appleby of 143, Bury Old Road, Prestwich, died aged 24 years on 29th September, 1919 at the Royal Infirmary in the district of Chorlton. It records that his father Percy Appleby, same address, was present at his death. Percy junior's occupation is given as shipping clerk (like his father) and Ex-private 70th Labour Corps. His cause of death was Lympho-sarcoma Thoracis. This is what we know today as non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: a tumor of the lymph glands. Even today the cause is unknown, but there may be a link with viruses in some cases.
So, it seems unlikely that his death was directly caused by war wounds. What does seem likely is that he was wounded on the Somme, where the Manchesters suffered terrible casualties in 1916. This would explain his transfer to the Labour Corps in 1917. In February 1919 he went back to live with his parents and was fit enough to go (back?) to work as a shipping clerk, only to die nine months later. It is hardly surprising that his parents put his death down to his war wounds. After all, 4 years earlier he had been an A1 fighting fit 20 year old.
Percy Norman Appleby became another forgotten victim of the war, not commemorated on a war memorial or roll of honour. When his parents died there was almost no-one to remember him, apart from his cousin, my grandmother, and she died in 1983. Now, thanks to information technology that none of them could ever have imagined, he has been remembered again.
For a direct link to the author of this article, email Pat Phillips
Copyright © Pat Phillips, March, 2004.
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